Machu Picchu information
You have made it, Perú, the most famous destination and the main symbol of the incas, the ancient city of Machu Picchu, the city is located high up in the mountains 2450 meters above sea level, between the two mountain peaks huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu, the former means young mountain and the latter which has given the name to the city means ancient Mountain the remarkable ruins of the city were rediscovered in 1911 by the american archaeologist and professor hiram bingham
Even though it's debated whether or not he was the first foreigner to visit Machu Picchu, Bingham was the one who brought such a picture to the outside world today much of issue is visited by more than a hundred thousand people each year the remains of this ancient city is considered one of the world's true wonders as it has been voted into the official the seven wonders of the world list the lost city of the Incas.
as it is often called is not as old as many people think the city was constructed by the incas around 1430 AC but to what purpose is unknown some believe that the city was constructed simply as a recreation place the Incan Emperor a shooting and other important incus another theory is that it was used as a retreat and the hidden location.
Is up in the mountains other still say it was used to the temple to the gods and as a half between other sacred inca sites Machu Picchu is made up of two main areas the agricultural area and the urban area the agricultural areas is made up of the terraces that are so typical for machu picchu these terraces were used to grow the crops needed to feed the inhabitants of the city there was more than enough space to grow crops to feed the maximum number of inhabitants in the city even though it might seem unpractical to grow crops high up in the mountains it was actually not that hard one thing that made this possible was that the crops did not need any irrigation due to the constant rains and ever-present humidity another purpose of the terrace was also to help reduce the risk of erosion caused by the rain.
The urban part of the city is made up of temples palaces, storehouse,s workshops, stairways and living quarters the architectural design is based on the capital of the Inca Empire school the constructions throughout the city follow the natural curves of the land which makes the city and its surrounding land so magically well together the incas architectural skills and the masonry in particular is something truly amazing on all about the least important buildings the Incas did not use any mortar when constructing the houses or temples this allowed the stones to move slightly which made it more ressistant to earthquakes however there's also required much more skills from the mesas as the stones needed to be shaped to fit each other more precisely some functions in the central city are so perfect that not even a strong grassroots between the stones regardless of its main purpose.
it is known that machu picchu served as a shrine to the gods and as a place of worship to the mountains surrounding it through the urban part of the city replica stones can be found these stones have been shaped to match the mountains behind them which show the Incas devotion to the mountains and the God sun, another key place in Machu Picchu located on one of the north east hills is the intimate honest own in the native language quechua empty means Sun and water here this describes one of the specific functions of the Stone.
Researchers believe that the Incas used it as an astronomic clock or calendar by looking at the movement of the shadows cast by the stone during the sunlight the stone was also believed to serve as an altar and shrine to the gods too many researchers surprise machu picchu seems to have been abandoned by the incas only 100 years after its construction there is clear evidence that the Spanish never found Machu Picchu which indicates that the city was abandoned before the Spanish conquest of the Incan Empire.
Why they abandoned the city is still very much unknown theory suggests disease such as smallpox killed much of its population which made the city too hard and expensive to maintain others suggested they abandoned the city in order to please the gods after the death of the Incan leader shew thee as the Incas did not write anything down the afterworld much is still unknown about being an empire in general and machu picchu in particular but the true purpose of the city was how they lived and why it eventually was abandoned will forever just like machu picchu itself be covered in clouds of mystery.